Sega stopped making consoles several years ago, their last being the Dreamcast and considering the impact Sega consoles had on the gaming world it is no wonder that Sonic The Hedgehog, an icon from the Master System and Mega Drive days, is still a regular on modern day consoles across all formats.
Sega Console Pages: SG -1000, Master System, Mega Drive Mega Drive II, Sega CD, Game Gear, Sega 32X. Sega Saturn, Dreamcast.
In the early 1980s, Sega began to develop video-game consoles—starting with the SG-1000 and Master System—but struggled against competitors like the Nintendo Entertainment System. Sega released its next console, the Sega Genesis (also known as the Mega Drive outside of North America) in 1988.
Although it initially struggled, the Genesis became a resounding commercial success after the release of Sonic the Hedgehog in 1991 and outsold its main competitor, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, throughout the first half of the 1990s. However, Sega experienced commercial failures in the second half of the decade such as the 32X, Sega Saturn, and Dreamcast.
In 2001 Sega stopped manufacturing consoles to become a third-party developer and publisher, and was acquired by Sammy Corporation in 2004.
While Sega was seeking a flagship series to compete with Nintendo’s Mario series along with a character to serve as a company mascot, Naoto Ohshima designed “a teal hedgehog with red shoes that he called Mr.Needlemouse.” This character won the contest and was renamed Sonic the Hedgehog, spawning one of the best-selling video game franchises in history.
The gameplay of Sonic the Hedgehog originated with a tech demo created by Yuji Naka, who had developed an algorithm that allowed a sprite to move smoothly on a curve by determining its position with a dot matrix. Naka’s original prototype was a platform game that involved a fast-moving character rolling in a ball through a long winding tube, and this concept was subsequently fleshed out with Ohshima’s character design and levels conceived by designer Hirokazu Yasuhara.
Sonic’s blue pigmentation was chosen to match Sega’s cobalt blue logo, and his shoes were a concept evolved from a design inspired by Michael Jackson’s boots with the addition of the colour red, which was inspired by both Santa Claus and the contrast of those colours on Jackson’s 1987 album Bad; his personality was based on Bill Clinton’s “can do” attitude